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Questions & Answers
+ What is Vibratese?
Vibratese is no longer in use, with little literature available on the subject.
It is the human sense of touch—it is physically touching someone or being physically touched. It is a method of communication through touch, the tactile system, which was developed by F. A. Geldard during 1957 and is based on practical considerations as well as results from a set of controlled psychophysical experiments.
Vibratese was composed of 45 basic elements, the tactile equivalent of numerals and letters. The entire English alphabet and numerals 0 to 9 could be communicated this way.
According to Geldard, with proper training, it was possible to read rates of more than 35 words per minute. These rates are three times that of an expert with Morse code.
+ Does the human body only have 5 senses?
No, there are more than 5 senses!
• Taste (flavor)
• Balance and acceleration
• Kinesthetic sense
Touch, (tactition) or mechanoreception, is a perception which results from activation of neural receptors, usually in the skin, including hair follicles, but also in the throat, mucosa and tongue.
A variety of pressure receptors respond to variations in pressure (brushing, sustained, firm, etc.).
The loss or impairment of the ability to feel anything touched is called tactile anesthesia.
Paresthesia is a sensation of pricking, tingling or numbness of the skin. It can result in temporary or permanent nerve damage. The touch sense of itching caused by insect bites or allergies involves special itch-specific neurons in the skin and spinal cord.
Hearing (audition) is the sense of sound perception. Deafness is the inability to hear.
Since sound is vibrations that travel through a medium such as air, the detection of these vibrations, (the sense of the hearing), is a mechanical sense.
This is due to the fact that these vibrations are mechanically produced from the eardrum through a series of tiny bones to hair-like fibres in the inner ear that detect mechanical motion of the fibres within a range of about 20 to 20,000 hertz, with substantial variation between individuals. Hearing at high frequencies declines with age.
Sound can also be detected as vibrations through the body by tactition. Lower frequencies than can be heard are detected in this way.
Hearing Dogs for the Deaf
Hearing Dogs have the same public access as Guide Dogs.
Hearing Dogs are specially trained to alert their Recipient of everyday sounds like the phone ringing, the doorbell, the baby monitor or the smoke alarm.
One of the roles of a Hearing Dog is to gently ‘paw’ the Recipient to let him know when he hears a sound. If you are Deaf or Hearing Impaired you have the option to apply for a Hearing Dog.
Sight (vision) is the ability of the brain and eyes to detect electromagnetic waves within the visible range of (light), and in some cases, determine between varying colors, hues and brightness. Blindness is the inability to see.
There is disagreement whether this is one, two or three senses. Neuroanatomists generally regard it as two senses, given that different receptors are responsible for the perception of the frequency of photons of light (color) and amplitude/intensity—the number of photons of light (brightness).
Some argue that the perception of depth (stereopsis) also constitutes a sense, but is generally regarded as a cognitive (post-sensory) function of the brain to interpret sensory input, and to obtain new information.
Smell (olfaction) is one of the two main “chemical” senses. Smell is processed by the olfactory system in the brain. Anosmia is the inability to smell.
Odor molecules possess a variety of features. Unlike taste, there are hundreds of olfactory receptors, each having a molecular character of its own. This combination of signals from different receptors makes up the sense of smell.
Olfactory receptor neurons in the nose differ from most other neurons in that they die and regenerate on a regular basis. Some neurons in the nose are specialized to detect pheromones.
Taste (gustation) is the other “chemical” sense. Taste is not the same as flavor.
Flavor is the smell of food as well as its taste. Ageusia is the inability to taste. There are at least four types of taste “buds” (receptors) on the tongue that detect taste.
These four well-known receptors are:
The receptors for bitter and sour have not been conclusively identified.
A fifth receptor, a sensation called umami, was first theorized in 1908 and its existence confirmed in 2000. The umami receptor detects the amino acid glutamate, a flavor found in meat and in artificial flavorings such as monosodium glutamate.
There are anatomists who argue that these constitute five or more different senses, given the fact that each receptor conveys information to a slightly different region of the brain.
Balance and acceleration
Balance (vestibular sense) or equilibrioception is the sense which allows an organism to maintain postural equilibrium and balance, and to sense direction, body movement and acceleration.
Each inner ear has a vestibular labyrinthine system, which is an organ of balance. Technically, this organ is responsible for two senses, but together they are known as balance:
1 linear acceleration (also senses gravity)
2 angular momentum
The vestibular nerve conducts information from:
• sensory receptors in 3 ampulla that sense motion of fluid in 3 semicircular canals caused by 3-D rotation of the head.
• the utricle and the saccule—they contain hair-like sensory receptors. These receptors bend under the weight of otoliths (small crystals of calcium carbonate) that provide the inertia needed to detect linear acceleration, the direction of gravitational force and head rotation.
Temperature (thermoception) is the sense of heat and the absence of heat (cold) by the skin. It includes internal skin passages (the rate of heat flow) or the heat flux in these areas.
The thermoceptors in the skin are different from the homeostatic thermoceptors in the brain (hypothalamus) which provide feedback on internal body temperature.
There are specialized receptors for cold (declining temperature) and for heat. The heat receptors are sensitive to infrared radiation.
Kinesthetic sense (proprioception) provides the parietal cortex of the brain with information on the relative positions of the parts of the body.
Proprioception and touch are related in subtle ways. Their impairment results in deficits in action and perception.
Neurologists test this sense by telling patients to close their eyes and touch their nose with the tip of their finger.
If there is proper proprioceptive function, at no time will the person lose awareness of where his hand is—although it is not detected by any of the other senses.
Physiological pain (nociception) signals, near-damage or damage to tissue. The 3 types of pain receptors are:
1 Visceral (body organs)
2 Somatic (joints and bones)
3 Cutaneous (skin)
In the past it was believed that pain was merely the overloading of pressure receptors. However, research in the first half of the 20th century indicated that pain is a distinct phenomena that links with all the other senses, including touch. Recent studies show that pain is registered in the anterior cingulate gyrus of the brain.
Direction (magnetoception) or magnetoreception is the ability to detect the direction you are facing based on the Earth’s magnetic field. Directional awareness is not a well-understood phenomena.
+ Body language—nature or nurture?
Body language is part ‘nature’ and part ‘nurture’.
Body language is part of human evolution, but as with many other aspects of human behavior, the precise mixture of genetic and environmental influences is not known. Opinions vary.
Some body language is certainly genetically inherited and consistent among all humans. Other body language is certainly not.
The use and recognition of certain fundamental facial expressions are now generally accepted to be consistent and genetically determined among all humans regardless of culture.
However the use and recognition of less fundamental physical gestures (hand movements or the winking of an eye), and aspects of personal space distances, are now generally accepted to be environmentally determined (learned, rather than inherited), which is significantly dependent on local society groups and cultures.
Certain vocal intonation speech variations (if body language is extended to cover everything but the spoken words) also fall within this environmentally determined category.
We can be certain that body language (the conscious and unconscious sending and receiving of non-verbal signals) is partly inborn and partly learned or conditioned.
+ The Sense of Hearing: What is Music Therapy?
Music Therapy is not:
incorporating music into your child’s learning and play—teaching your child how to sing perfectly or how to play an instrument. (This is a powerful way to boost the child’s development).
Music Therapy is:
using music interactively and purposefully to open him up to new experiences and concepts.
when applied by a trained therapist, is very complex. Suzanne B. Hanser writes in The New Music Therapist’s Handbook, “it is also based upon scientific principles, objective observation and systematic assessment of the person’s needs.”
Having said this, music is never something to be left to the professionals.
Music is: fun and easy
Music is a great rehabilitation booster. A Wonder Baby reader, Kellie, shared the experience of her daughter Zoe receiving Music Therapy after a bone marrow transplant. She was the most alert and active during these sessions. As Kellie puts it:
The music therapy sessions were truly magical in terms of how they seemed to lift her spirits and her energy levels. She learned to tap her hands in time with the music as a direct result of these sessions. Anytime we would sing the songs she would immediately begin beating her hands on whatever was nearby.
Music helps with:
Attention, fine and gross motor skills, communication, self-esteem, social skills, recognition, anticipation, patterning (such as counting or pre-reading skills) and fosters memories.
+ What is Sound Healing with Tibetan Bowls?
Sound healing is an effective and way that uses vibrational sound to reduce stress, alter consciousness and create a deep sense of well being, peace and better health.
Tibetan Sound Therapy dates back to Tibetan Buddhism where the instruments were used for consciousness transformation and healing.
Healing Sound is a vital part of the healing process for cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy. It aids in side effects, pain relief management and reduces stress.
When we are awake, the normal frequency of the brain waves is that of Beta. Sound entrains the brain to move into the deeper Alpha and Theta brain wave frequencies.
These are the frequencies that induce deep peaceful and meditative states, intuition and clarity of mind.
Modern medicine can measure and confirm the practice of sound to promote healing. Therefore, sound is a kind of energy medicine that creates the sacred space in which people can heal from depression, pain and stress disorders.
Sound is an integrated health service and in addition to the vibrational healing the sessions can include visualizations, polarity therapy and life coaching.
This combination creates a true mind, body, spirit connection which is so vital to natural healing.
Polarity is a gentle energetic healing therapy that uses healing hands on meridian points, for foot reflexology and craniosacral techniques. It promotes chakra healing.
+ How does Sound Healing with Tibetan Bowls work?
Ancient instruments, including Tibetan singing bowls are ‘struck and sung’ in specific rhythmic patterns to create vibrational sound harmonics at the frequency of “AUM” or “OM”.
This sound frequency of perfection impacts the sympathetic nervous system and your brain waves synchronize to the vibrations of the bowls.
The harmonic vibrations:
• engages the relaxation reflex
• slows down the brain and heart rate
• reduces respiration
• disrupts the pain reflex
• creates a deeper sense of happiness and wellbeing.
Biofeedback, toning and visualization is integrated into a session.
+ What are the benefits?
Among the many are relief from pain, stress-related conditions and the ability to alter one’s consciousness. It is an integral part of healing the effects of chemotherapy, reduces pain and discomfort from Fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue syndrome and depression.
After sessions, clients experience improved memory, clarity, vitality and the ability to take action. Many report out of body experiences, a deep sense of tranquility, improved sleep, and that they feel the effects of the treatment for several days.
+ What does the sound from the bowls actually do?
It puts your emotional, physical and spiritual energies into alignment.
When these energies are aligned, the chakras are balances (energy balancing). This creates the perfect vessel for healing.
+ How do the vibrations from the singing bowls help in the healing process?
Many people believe that all disease is, fundamentally, a misalignment of energies. Therefore, an alignment of the energies creates the conditions which speed up the process and allow healing to take place.
They believe that cells, muscles and organs store blocked energy from past and present misalignment which manifests as disease, and that energetic work such as vibrational sound that directly access the cellular memory, is needed to release blocked energy and bring the body back into alignment.
+ What is the difference between old and new Himalayan (Tibetan) Singing Bowls and crystal bowls?
Ancient singing bowls come from different areas in the Himalayan mountain range, such as Tibet, Nepal and Bhutan.
Their exact age is not known, but many of them date back hundreds of years.
They were made with the intention of healing and transforming the consciousness.
When combined with sound, the intention of healing, in the presence of prayer or affirmation (such as the om or aum) can increase the vibrations and effect the healing.
The new bowls that come from Nepal or India are machine made and lack any of the ritual and ceremonious aspects of the old bowls.
They are made with machines and with the intention of commerce.
Although many new bowls have beautiful tones for healing, the Himalayan bowls are the ones with the highest vibration and a history of healing energy are the bowls which therapists prefer.
The old bowls are more expensive, but they treat the whole being rather than one energy center or part of the body, because their vibrations work on all fundamental levels (physical, emotional and spiritual).
+ What are the sessions like?
Sessions last one hour and take place fully clothed on a mat on the floor. Bowls are placed and played all around your body, head and on your chakras (energy centers).
You are asked to wear comfortable clothing without buttons, zippers or jewelery. After the session you are offered a refreshing drink.
+ What is a Distance Session?
Effective sound healing sessions that include visualization are telephone sessions with headphones.
+ Can people who feel fine benefit from a session?
People have used the Tibetan Bowls for centuries to alter their consciousness and obtain deeper meditative states.
Many people treat themselves to a session to re-vitalize, feel more connected to the universe and gain clarity on an issue.
+ How many sessions will you need?
The minimum recommendation for Tibetan Sound Healing is 4 weekly consecutive sessions followed by 2 sessions spaced 2 weeks apart.
It takes at least 4 weeks to change a habit or form a new one.
The first couple of sessions often produces energetic and physical discharge—the release of blocks, stressors and toxins.
This allows the development of a trusting relationship to better relax and receive the maximum benefits of the session.
The next couple of sessions are dedicated to strengthen and anchor you to the sound of the bowls, creating a strong alignment focused on your particular area of need.
Focused dialog and/or visualizations are also introduced. It allows you to get in touch with areas of challenge or positive intentions while you are in an ‘altered state’. This creates a strong mind/body connection, and improves the ability to heal.
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